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Using Linux new buy it
(Imprint: Que)
(Publisher: Macmillan Computer Publishing)
Author: William Ball
ISBN: 0789716232

About the Author

PART I—Linux Basics
CHAPTER 1—Introducing the Shell
Welcome to Linux
What Is a Shell?
Logging On to Linux
Creating a User Account at the Command Line
Creating a User Account in X11 with the usercfg Command
Changing Your Password
Changing User Account Information with the chfn Command
Running Commands as the Root Operator
Using Virtual Consoles
Logging Out of Linux
Rebooting Linux
Shutting Down Linux
Getting Help
Getting Help with the man Command
Getting Help in X11 with the xman Client
Getting Help with the whatis Command
Getting Help with the apropos Command
CHAPTER 2—Entering Commands
Entering Commands at the Shell Command Line
Case Sensitivity
Editing the Command Line
Saving Keystrokes with Shell History
Using the Tab Key to Complete Commands
Entering Multiple Commands
Breaking Long Command Lines
Creating Shell Commands
Using the >, >>, and < Redirection Operators
Redirecting Error Output by the Numbers
Using Pipes to Build Commands
Running Programs in the Background
Controlling Programs
Using Job Control
Using the ps and kill Commands
Using Wildcards
Building Regular Expressions
Selecting a Shell
Changing Shells with the chsh Command
CHAPTER 3—Navigating the Linux File System
Changing Directories
Printing the Current Working Directory
Changing Directories with the cd Command
Listing Directories
Listing Directories and Files with the ls Command
Echoing Directory Contents with the echo Command
Viewing Text Files
Viewing Text Files with the cat Command
Viewing Text Files with the less and more Pager Commands
Creating Files and Directories
Using touch to Create and Update Files and Directories
Creating Directories with the mkdir Command
Copying Files and Directories
Copying Files with the cp Command
Copying Directories with the cp Command
Moving and Renaming Files and Directories
Moving and Renaming Files and Directories with the mv Command
Creating Symbolic Links
Linking Files with the ln Command
Linking Directories with the ln Command
Deleting Files and Directories
Deleting Files with the rm Command
Deleting Directories with the rmdir Command
Deleting Directories with the rm Command
Finding Files and Directories
Finding Files with the find Command
Finding Files and Directories with the locate Command
Finding Programs and Manual Pages with the whereis Command
Searching Text Files
Using the grep Command
Using the egrep Command
Using the fgrep Command
Using the strings Command
CHAPTER 4—Using Text Editors
Selecting an Editor
Commercial Linux Word Processors
Using Screen Editors
Using Stream Editors
Using Linux Dictionaries
Getting the web2 Dictionary
Dictionaries: Rolling Your Own
Spell Checking with the ispell Command
Saving Paper with the mpage Command
Creating Formatted Documents
Using Text-Formatting Filter Commands
Using Text-Processing Systems
CHAPTER 5—Printing Files
Adding Printers
Checking Your Printer
Adding a Local Printer by Editing /etc/printcap
Adding a Local Printer with the Red Hat printtool Command
Adding a Network Printer with Red Hat’s printtool
Limiting Spool File Sizes
Spooling Files to Your Printer
Printing Files at the Command Line
Listing the Print Queue
Controlling Printers and Print Jobs
Reordering Print Jobs
Stopping Print Jobs
Sending Faxes with the lpr Command

PART II—Configuring Your System
CHAPTER 6—Configuring Your Environment
Setting Environment Variables
Displaying Environment Variables with the printenv Command
Displaying Environment Variables with the env Command
Setting an Environment Variable on the Command Line
Deleting an Environment Variable from the Command Line
Setting Command PATHs
Customizing Your Logon
Customizing Your Command-Line Prompt
Creating Aliases
CHAPTER 7—Working with Hard Drives
Determining the Volume Device and Partition
Hard Drive Devices
Choosing a File System
Formatting a Hard Drive
Using cabaret with Hard Drives
Partitioning a Hard Drive with the fdisk Command
Mounting a Hard Drive or Other Device
CHAPTER 8—Adding Tape and Zip Drives
Adding a Tape Drive
Installing a Tape Drive
Using the mt Command
Adding a Zip Drive
Before Installing a Zip Drive
Printing with a Parallel-Port Zip Drive
Ejecting Zip Disks and Password- and Read-Write–Protecting Zip Disks
CHAPTER 9—Enabling a PC Card Device
Enabling PCMCIA Services
Determining Your PCMCIA Controller
Using the cardmgr Command
Listing Your PC Card and Drivers
Disabling cardmgr Command Event Notification
Using the cardctl Command
Obtaining the Status of PC Cards
Listing Your PC Card Configuration
Ejecting a PC Card
Inserting a PC Card
Suspending and Restoring PC Card Power
CHAPTER 10—Adding a Pointing Device
Adding a Mouse
Configuring a Mouse with the mouseconfig Command
Configuring a Synaptics Touchpad
Installing a Joystick
Building the Joystick Module
Configuring a Joystick
CHAPTER 11—Configuring a Modem and Fax Service
Selecting a Modem for Linux
Using the dmesg Command to Check Serial Port Status
Testing Your Modem with the echo Command
Creating the /dev/modem Device
Creating /dev/modem with the Control Panel Client
Creating /dev/modem with the ln Command
Getting Serial Port Information with the setserial Command
Enabling Dial-In Service
Configuring Linux for Dial-in Service
Configuring Fax Service
Configuring the fax Shell Script
Testing Your Fax Configuration
Sending a Fax Using the fax Shell Script
Setting Up to Wait for Incoming Faxes
Checking the Status of Incoming or Outgoing Faxes
Viewing Received Faxes
Printing a Received Fax
Deleting a Received Fax

PART III—Connecting to Your Internet Service Provider
CHAPTER 12—Connecting to Your Internet Service Provider
Configuring a PPP Connection
Checking Your Serial Port and Modem
Checking Your Linux Kernel and File System for PPP Support
Configuring PPP for Your ISP
Configuring Your PPP Connection Scripts
Editing the ppp-on Connection Script
Starting a PPP Connection
Starting a PPP Connection Using the minicom Program
Starting a PPP Connection with the ppp-on Script
Closing Your PPP Connection
Checking Your PPP Connection
Checking PPP Connections with the ifconfig Command
Getting PPP Statistics with the pppstats Command
Testing PPP Connection Speed with the ping Command
Getting PPP Interface Information with the route Command
Troubleshooting PPP Connections with Your System Log
CHAPTER 13—Using Electronic Mail
Retrieving Electronic Mail
Using fetchmail
Selecting a Mail Program
Using mail
Using pine
Using Netscape Messenger to Create, Send, and Read Mail
Managing Electronic Mail
Configuring procmail to Filter Mail
Using the ftp Command
Using ftp to Download Files
Using ftp Help Commands
Using the ncftp Command
Downloading with the ncftp Command
Using Netscape to Download Files
CHAPTER 15—Using Web Browsers
Using the lynx Browser
Configuring the lynx Browser
Using Netscape Communicator
Downloading and Installing Netscape Communicator
Working with Netscape Communicator
CHAPTER 16—Reading Usenet News
Specifying NNTP Service
Selecting a Newsreader
Using the tin Newsreader
Using the slrn Newsreader
Using the trn Newsreader
Using the xrn Newsreader
Using the pine Mailer to Read Usenet News
Reading News with Netscape Communicator
Configuring Newsreaders
Configuring the tin Newsreader
Configuring the slrn Newsreader
Configuring the trn Newsreader
Configuring the pine Mailer to Read Usenet News
Configuring Netscape Collabra to Read News
Downloading Files During telnet Sessions
Chatting with Internet Relay Chat
Starting an irc Session
CHAPTER 17—Using telnet and Internet Relay Chat
Using the telnet Command
Connecting to Other Computers

PART IV—The X Window System
CHAPTER 18—Running and Configuring X11
Starting X11
Using the startx Command
Using xdm for X11 Logons
Customizing the xdm Banner Screens
Customizing the .xinitrc Startup Script
Customizing .xinitrc with AnotherLevel
Using the wxininfo Client to Configure .xinitrc
Stopping X11
Using Virtual Consoles with X11
Customizing Your Workspace
Setting a Screen Saver
Setting the Background Desktop Color
Setting the Background Desktop Pattern
Using a Desktop Wallpaper
Setting the Mouse Pointer
Configuring the Mouse
Configuring the Terminal Window
Using X11 Resources
CHAPTER 19—Using a Window Manager
Selecting an X11 Window Manager
Using X11 and the Common Desktop Environment
Installing and Using the K Desktop Environment
Using X11 and the Motif Window Manager, mwm
Emulating Motif’s mwm with the LessTif mwm Window Manager
Starting a Window Manager
Starting AnotherLevel
Starting fvwm2
Starting fvwm
Starting twm
Starting CDE
Starting KDE
Starting Motif’s mwm Window Manager
Starting LessTif’s mwm
Configuring Window Managers
Configuring AnotherLevel
Configuring the fvwm2 Window Manager
Configuring the twm Window Manager
Configuring Motif’s mwm
Configuring LessTif’s mwm
CHAPTER 20—Performing Common X11 Operations
Using X11 Toolkit Command-Line Options
Using Geometry Settings to Set Window Size
Setting Foreground and Background Colors
Moving, Resizing, and Managing Windows
Specifying an X11 Window Title
Minimizing, Maximizing, or Closing Windows
Using Window-Management Keyboard Commands
Viewing X11 Fonts
Viewing X11 Fonts with the xfontsel Client
Using the xfd Client to View Font Character Maps
Using the Keyboard to Control and Navigate Windows
Copying and Pasting Text
Using the xcutsel Client to Copy Text
Copying Text with the xclipboard Client
Capturing Windows and the Desktop
Using xwd to Capture Windows
Using xwud to Display Window Dumps
Using the xloadimage Client to View Captures
Capturing and Viewing Screens with the xv Client
Using the xmag Client to Capture Magnified Images
CHAPTER 21—Using Graphics and Multimedia Tools
Selecting a Graphics Program
Using the GIMP Client
Using ImageMagick
Translati or Converting Graphics
Using the pbm, ppm, and pnm Utilities
Previewing Graphics and PostScript Documents
Using the gv PostScript Previewer
Using Adobe Acrobat
Playing Music CDs
Watching and Listening to Internet TV and Radio
Using RealPlayer
Playing Animations and Movies with the xanim Client

PART V—System Administration
CHAPTER 22—Basic Shell Programming
What Shell Scripts Are Used For
Writing Shell Programs
Good Programming Practice
A Sample Program
Using Shell Variables
Using Variables in Scripts
A Sample Script
Using Shell Constructs
Decision Constructs: The if Statement
Repeating Commands with while
Repeating Commands with for
Writing Shell Functions
Chapter 23—Using Basic Programming Tools
Building Programs with the make Command
make Options
Getting Started Quickly with New Programs
Specifying Different Makefiles
Building X11 Makefiles with the xmkmf Script
Compiling Programs with gcc
Linking Programs with the ld Linker
Configuring LILO
Changing the Default Boot
Passing Kernel Parameters
Booting to a Specific Run Level
Booting from DOS to Linux
Setting Up LOADLIN
Passing Kernel Parameters with LOADLIN
CHAPTER 25—Managing Users and Groups
Users, Groups, and Their Relation to the System
Using the usercfg Tool
Adding a User with usercfg
View/Edit Users
Locking a User
Unlocking a User
Removing a User
Adding a Group
Editing an Existing Group
Removing a Group
Finishing Up with usercfg
Adding, Editing, and Deleting Users Using the Command Line
Adding Users with useradd
Modifying Users with the usermod Command
Deleting Users with the userdel Command
Adding, Editing, and Deleting Groups
Adding Groups with the groupadd Command
Modifying Groups with the groupmod Command
Deleting Groups with the groupdel Command
Changing User and Group Ownership
Managing Groups with gpasswd
Using the chgrp Command
Changing File Ownership and Permissions
Using the chown Command
Using the chmod Command
Advanced Concepts: Password Authentication Module
Improving System Security Using PAM
CHAPTER 26—Managing Scheduling Services
Configuring inittab and rc Files
The inittab File
The rc Files
Configuring crontab Scheduling Service
Enabling crontab Service
crontab Entries
Allowing and Preventing Access to the crontab Service
Configuring the at Command Service
Enabling at Command Service
Allowing and Preventing Access to the at Command Service
CHAPTER 27—Managing Network Connections
Configuring Network Connections
Using the Network Configuration Tool
Setting the Hostname and the Domain Name
Enabling the Loopback Interface
Adding a PPP Interface
Adding a SLIP Interface
Adding a PLIP Interface
Adding an Ethernet Interface
Setting Up a Router
Connecting Two Linux Systems
Connecting a MacOS Machine to a Linux System
Connecting a Windows Machine to a Linux System
Enabling the Network File System Service
Enabling Dial-In Service
Setting Up the PPP Options Files
Configuring Getty Devices
CHAPTER 28—Managing Daemons
Editing and Creating Run Levels
Editing inittab
Using chkconfig
Listing Services by Using chkconfig
Removing a Service Using chkconfig
Adding a Service by Using chkconfig
Resetting Service Information
Editing Startup and Shutdown Scripts
A Sample init Script
init script checklist
Customizing the Logon Greeting
Customizing the Logon Greeting for Network Connections
Enabling and Customizing the MOTD
Using the tksysv Tool
Adding a Service with tksysv
Starting and Stopping Network Services
Using the ntsysv Tool
Enabling FTP Access
Enabling a Web Server
Configuring the Apache Web Server
CHAPTER 29—Managing the Filesystem
Mounting and Unmounting Filesystems
Using the usermount Command
Using the mount Command
Setting Up New Filesystems
Using Red Hat’s cabaret Tool
Starting cabaret
The Red Hat Filesystem Manager
Editing /etc/fstab Manually
Creating New Filesystems Manually
How to Organize Your File System Tree
Repairing Filesystems
Disaster Recovery
What’s Vital and What Isn’t?
When to Back Up
What to Do with the Backups
Reviewing Your Backup Strategy
Coping with Disaster
CHAPTER 30—Managing Applications
Package Management with rpm
The rpm Command’s Major Modes and Common Options
Installing Packages
Upgrading Packages
Uninstalling Packages
Querying Packages
Verifying Packages
Using Red Hat’s X11 glint Client to Manage rpm Packages
Installing and Using the xrpm Client
CHAPTER 31—System Maintenance
Performing System Backups
Compressing and Decompressing Files and Directories
Compressed Archiving with the tar Command
Using find to Locate Files for tar Backups
Using taper for Backups
Backing Up with Floppy Disks
Backing Up with Removable Drives
Performing File System Maintenance
Deleting Unnecessary Files
Undeleting Files
Maximizing Disk Space
Performing System Cleanups
Compressing Manual Pages
Compressing Unused Documents and Directories
CHAPTER 32—Managing the Kernel
Using the Red Hat kernelcfg Tool
Adding a Module to the Kernel Configuration
Editing the Linux Kernel Configuration Files
Configuring Your Sound Card
Plug and Play Devices
Managing Modules
Installing Modules
Listing Modules
Creating Module Dependencies
Enabling Modules at Boot Time
Managing Processes
Using the /proc Directory Information
Viewing the System Load Average
Viewing Processes with the top Command
Viewing Processes with the ps Command
Using the kill Command and Process IDs
Recompiling the Kernel
Installing the New Kernel Source
Before Configuring the Kernel
Using make config
Using make xconfig
Building and Installing the Kernel
Installing the Kernel
Appendix A
Appendix B
Appendix C
Appendix D